Throughout the history of the world, millions of animal species have disappeared for various reasons. However, with the beginning of human dominance over nature, animal species became endangered much faster due to reasons such as changing climatic conditions, poaching, and habitat destruction.
In different parts of the world, animals that many of us have not even heard of are disappearing because of the damage we do to them. In order to raise awareness, we have compiled a list of animals under threat of extinction. Let’s get to know these animals, each of which has unique appearances and features.
It has an average length of 3 meters and a weight of about 70 kilograms. Komodo dragon It also has the title of the world’s largest lizard. The species, which takes its name from the Indonesian Komodo Island, lives on the Indonesian islands of Rintja and Flores, with the exception of Komodo Island. They mostly live in grassland areas. Because of the reasons such as people settling in the places where they live and damaging their natural environment, hunting both them and their prey. animals in danger of extinction they became one.
Also known as the smallest tiger species Sumatran Tiger , takes its name from the island of Sumatra in western Indonesia and lives only here. They are usually seen in low or high forest areas. This species, whose habitats are narrowed due to agriculture and farming activities on the island, is unfortunately also hunted by humans.
This species, also known as the sea turtle, is seen on the Mediterranean coasts, especially in Turkey and Greece. Spawning areas, especially on the southern coasts of our country, are of great importance. Caretta Cerattas live together with humans, as they bury their eggs in the pits they dug on the beaches. The extinction of these animals, which are estimated to have existed for millions of years, is under the threat of extinction due to factors such as human activity in their habitats and light pollution.
Living on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia, these elephants are 50 cm shorter than Asian elephants. We know that the main habitat of Borneo elephants is the Island of Borneo. However, there are reports of this species being found in Africa as well. The destruction of grazing lands by humans on the island is seen as the most important reason why the Borneo Elephant is in danger of extinction.
Golden Headed Langur
The Golden-Headed Langur, named after its awe-inspiringly colorful pelt, is an animal that has long been considered sacred by the Himalayan people. Their acceptance as a different species dates back to the 1950s. Even though they have been under protection for years, they are among the endangered species.
The Marine Iguana, which lives only in the Galapagos Islands and is the only ocean lizard in the world, is the most interesting species of modern lizards known. Although it has few predators thanks to the spines on its back, immature young and newly hatched eggs are preyed upon by rats, wild dogs and cats, as they are vulnerable. Therefore, they are in danger of extinction.
The Mountain Gorilla, predominantly found in Uganda and living in forested areas high in the mountains, numbered over 1,000 in a 2018 report. Today, however, their number is estimated to be less than 900.
Spread over a wide area, including Europe, Asia and North America, the lynx is one of the species whose numbers are declining, especially due to poaching and habitat degradation. Despite this, there is no ban on hunting in the countries where they live. It is stated that the number of lynxes in Turkey is decreasing regularly.
Pandas, which are the symbol of endangered animals and loved by almost everyone with their cute looks and lethargic lifestyle, have been under protection for many years. The number of this species, which lives under surveillance in bamboo forests in China’s Yangtze Basin, is around 1000. Apart from this, nearly 100 pandas, which are also kept under protection, are also in zoos.
The Javanese Rhino, named after the island of Java in Indonesia, lives in the Ujung Kulon National Park on the same island. Although Javanese Rhinos are named after the island in Indonesia, they once had a habitat as far south of China. It is widely believed in Chinese medical literature that rhino horns have healing powers. However, rhino horn has no scientifically known effect. The hunting of the already endangered species has increased with belief and its extinction has become endangered. An estimated 60 Javanese Rhinos are currently thought to remain.
Mekong Giant Catfish
The Mekong Giant Catfish lives in the Mekong River, one of South East Asia’s most important water resources, and takes its name from this river. According to research, the world’s largest catfish, also known as the world’s largest freshwater fish, although not yet certain, is hunted because it is an edible fish. Therefore, the number of species is gradually decreasing.
Leopards have a wide range of habitats in Northeast and Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as Central Asia, China and India. Even if they are not the first species that comes to mind when we say endangered animals, they are also one of the endangered species due to the destruction of their natural habitats and hunting.
Black footed mountain weasel
This species, which is a mammal native to North America, lives only in America today. It is extinct in Canada. Although they are in danger of extinction due to the decrease in the pastures they live on and various diseases, they have reached a considerable number thanks to the breeding program implemented by scientists. But the danger remains.
The species, which is the symbol of global warming, has been hunted by humans as if climate changes were not enough, and the numbers of polar bears have decreased considerably. Although some countries and various international environmental and animal organizations try to protect polar bears, this species is in danger of extinction in the near future.
The species, which lives only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra and is unique here, can live up to its 50s in its natural environment. However, they are in danger of extinction due to the damage caused by humans to their habitats.
Cross River Gorilla
The Cross River Gorilla, a very special species seen in Nigeria and Cameroon, draws attention with its human resemblance. But in the region where the Cross River Gorilla lives, its meat is very popular. For this reason, it is one of the animals that will become extinct in the very near future, as it is hunted by hunters from Nigeria and Cameroon.
Commonly living in East and Southwest Africa, cheetahs are known to be the fastest land animals. Although they can survive for many years in their natural habitat, the cheetahs are threatened with extinction when local settlers destroy their habitat.
Leatherback Sea Turtle
This species, which is found in all tropical and subtropical oceans and is also the largest living turtle, is endangered due to reasons such as interference with its habitat, eating eggs by other wild animals, pollution, and unconscious fishing.
Vaquita (Mexican Dolphin)
This rare dolphin species, which lives only in the Gulf of California, is among the rapidly endangered animals because it lives in a limited area and is easily caught in fishing nets.