The question of what is morbidity is among the questions that are increasingly important for the health of societies today. Throughout human history, many epidemics have occurred due to various bacteria and viruses. While some of these epidemics affect human communities living in a certain geography; Some have spread all over the world.
Those that occur in a certain region and show rapidly contagious characteristics according to the population are called epidemics. Those that affect the whole world and become infected very quickly are called pandemics. We can say that the importance of the concept of morbidity lies precisely here. Today, the concept is of great importance in terms of predicting the dimensions of the pandemic caused by the Covid-19 virus.
In its most general sense, morbidity is the term used to rate the number of people infected with a contagious disease to those who remain healthy. Thanks to this term, not only the health industries of states, but also all fields of activity can benefit.
Why Is the Term Morbidity Important?
From the past to the present, many epidemics have managed to influence the world. While some of these diseases affect a certain region, others have affected the whole world for many years. Among the best known are Plague, Yellow Fever, Typhoid, Cholera, Malaria, Typhus, Influenza and Ebola. Finally, the Covid-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus has affected the world.
So, how do we know the balance sheet of the damage caused by all these viruses and bacteria? Do the average data lead us to the conclusion? Or are results calculated based on scientifically obtained data? The importance of the term morbidity emerges here once again. Thanks to the possibilities provided by the media, nations have tracked various disease rates throughout the pandemic. It should be noted that today’s information about infectious diseases is largely archived thanks to this term.
The Relationship Between Morbidity Table and Public Health
The morbidity chart helps to reveal the transmission rate and lethality of the disease in a given epidemic period. It should be emphasized that this table is of vital importance for the continuation of daily life. Features such as the rate of transmission of the infectious disease and its distribution by gender and age groups are taken into account.
It also helps to detect the groups affected by the rate of infection early. Thus, information about the distribution of the disease according to the population is obtained. Measures are taken for groups deemed to be under threat. Considering all these, the morbidity table is of great importance in terms of public health. Let us remind you that the morbidity table is as important as the question of what is morbidity.
What are the Basic Morbidity Criteria?
We tried to adequately answer the question of what is morbidity. We can now examine how the term morbidity collects data scientifically. As in every scientific research, there are basic criteria in this field. Generally, these criteria focus on the rate, rate, and proportion of a particular disease. In line with these data, the groups that need to be observed are determined and the health sector takes the necessary precautions.
The basic morbidity criteria are divided into three. These are categorized as Incidence, Attack Rates and Prevalence, respectively. Incidence represents the population that is not yet infected with the disease but is threatened. Proportionally, it is calculated by dividing the number of new cases registered by the entire population. Another concept, prevalence, is divided into two as point and duration.
Point prevalence allows to determine the number of all old and new cases in a given period. It is calculated by dividing all the cases that occur at a certain time in the society proportionally by the healthy population. Duration prevalence quantifies the number of cases that occur in a given time period.