It is an undeniable fact that we live in a digital age with the changing world conditions and constantly developing technology. Everything is changing so fast. Even the software languages used since the birth of the computer include new add-ons and updates. Even a new software language can be created by some software developers or companies.
Many candidates who want to build their future on software may find it challenging to decide which field to focus on and which steps to follow. Because every road taken takes us to a new crossroads, and each crossroads forces us to make new decisions, and each new decision shapes our lives. Studies can be done in many fields at the same time, but when we look at the general situation of the business world and the market, it seems like a field in which every software developer specializes. In addition to all these works, a good software developer should be aware of technological developments by constantly following the agenda, maintain the hunger for lifelong learning by constantly improving himself, and should have a versatile personality by being interested in other areas outside his field of expertise, even if it is a little.
Software languages can be grouped under two main headings as low-level languages and high-level languages. Their semantic features, coding similarities and proximity to machine language form this classification. Languages that are closer to machine language such as Assembly and C++ are considered low-level languages, while languages such as Java and C# are considered high-level. In terms of ease of learning, we can say that low-level languages are a little more complex and difficult than high-level languages. However, no matter how easy or difficult it is to learn the language that fits the field you want to work in, you have to concentrate all your concentration there.
C Programming Language is recommended as the most basic start for the person who wants to learn a software language, no matter what field they want to work in. While trying to create Unix in BELL Laboratories, the C programming language, which came out as a by-product, minimized the cost excess caused by the older Java. C, which is the first stop of anyone who wants to establish the programming logic from the ground up, will provide a great ease of learning for that language no matter what language one wants to work with if it is fully learned.
2) Web Development (PHP, ASP.NET, JAVA EE, DJANGO)
These are the most preferred and known software areas proportionally compared to other areas. PHP, which is a server that anyone interested in Web Design will encounter frequently even if they do not use it, is the most preferred with ASP.NET in this field. You can develop internet-based software and applications with these languages, which are very fun and easy to learn.
3) Desktop Software (C++, JAVA SE, PYTHON, DELPHI, VISUAL BASIC.NET)
Desktop applications are an area at the intersection of both high-level and low-level languages. While C++ and Python provide a little deeper learning and closeness to the machine, Java is a language that is a little easier and reduces the amount of cost rather than coding with the ready Tool. While Java is most commonly used in the market, knowing C++ will also add a significant plus. The point to be noted here is that these languages are completely independent and unrelated, and their difficulties and areas of application are entirely different.
4) Mobile Software (SWIFT, JAVA, C#)
If you want to develop mobile applications and do result-oriented projects, Java and especially C# are the ones that carry the flag in this field, which is another of the most preferred fields. While C# is used more in game software, Java is a little less costly for mobile developers.
5) Embedded Systems (C, C++, ASSEMBLY)
These languages, which are considered low-level in terms of their proximity to machine language, are quite challenging to learn. In particular, even if Assembly is no longer much preferred, after the recent updates to C++ and the dramatic changes that have occurred in C have made them a little more complicated. This software area, which is based on electronic coding, requires a lot of patience and dedication.