The concept of ‘Zoroastrian’ or ‘Zoroastrianism’, which we are familiar with today, is known as one of the oldest beliefs in the world. What is Zoroastrianism, which draws attention with its unique and different rules?
Who is Zoroaster?
His story BC Zoroaster is known as the person who dates back to the 6th century and pioneered the religion of Zoroastrianism. Researchers cannot find a common opinion about the clarity of the region where he was born or lived due to his period. Although there are certain clarifications that he is Iranian, this situation has not yet been clarified. At the same time, some data suggest that Zarathustra’s life was only ‘based on legends’…
The Zoroastrian person, located at the intersection of guesses and legends, is known for revealing the religion of ‘Zoroastrianism’. With the spread of the Zoroastrian belief after his death, Zoroaster also mobilizes multiple masses. So why do the people around support the belief that Zarathustra created and not an ordinary person? In those times when many religious events or concepts were flying in the air due to the conditions of the period, Zoroastrianism was seen as a ‘wise’ and even a ‘prophet’ by the people. This takes Zarathustra one step ahead of the common folk and makes him a ‘person to be heard’. Of course, this situation can be considered as the most important feature of Zoroaster in the eyes of the people.
Why did Zoroastrianism arise?
The religion of Zoroastrianism, which emerged in the Iranian geography, also draws attention with its philosophical views according to its period. When the devotion to the concept of polytheism in Iran is accepted as the opposite by Zoroaster, this understanding is found very interesting by the people. The fact that the Zoroastrian belief consisted of different rules compared to the other religions of the period, of course, made people uneasy. However, with the emergence of this mysterious belief, the Persian Empire’s official acceptance of the Zoroastrian belief may give us clues that the belief was accepted by the people. With the new belief system brought by Zoroaster, fundamental innovations are inevitable for the Empire and the people.
What kind of religion is Zoroastrianism?
In Zoroastrianism, the concepts of ‘good and evil’ are of great importance. It is believed that a person who believes in the existence of the invisible line between good and evil should always think about the good while choosing good or evil in his own life. In other words, in Zoroastrianism, people should always tend towards the good. Known as the founder of the Zoroastrian religion, Zoroaster says that the fight and evil in the world is between the spirit of god and the spirit of the devil. The concept of the spirit of God, according to ancient Persian mythology, “ Holy Spirit ”, “ good light ” means. The only thing people who believe in the religion of Zoroastrianism have to do to put an end to this fight; It is defined as fighting in the name of good.
The holy god who appears on the side of goodness in the Zoroastrian belief “ Ahura Mazda “According to Zoroastrians, he is considered the master of knowledge. In this belief Ehrimen The god called ” is seen as a principle that reveals bad and dark deeds. According to the Zoroastrian belief, it is stated that Ahura Mazda and the Ahrimen gods are in a constant war: the war of good and evil.
Ahura Mazda’s creation of animals that are beneficial to nature and innocent, and Ahrimen’s creation of predatory and bloodthirsty animals is described as an indicator of an unceasing war between two gods.
specific to the Zoroastrian religion” avesta There is a book called ”, which was written in ancient times. This book can be considered the holy book of those who believe in Zoroastrianism. The chapters written by Zarathustra in the content of the Avesta are described as ‘important and special parts’. in and “ gata The quatrains called ” have beautiful meanings like “singing poetry” in old Hindi. As you can see, there is no place for anything badly mentioned or said in the Zoroastrian belief!
What are the interesting rules of the Zoroastrian faith?
- Zoroastrians who have the Zoroastrian faith should attach great importance to nature. The human bodies that remain behind the time between life and death should not remain in nature. The Zoroastrians, who have a belief that death has nothing to do with the human body but the soul, place the bodies of the deceased at the top of the open-topped towers. It waits for various natural factors or birds of prey to destroy the dead bodies.
- Various rules are established that must be followed by people who want to leave the side of evil and turn to “Ahura Mazda”, that is, to the side of good. The religion of Zoroastrianism shows that it is possible to be on the side of goodness by doing actions that have meanings such as treating animals well, being clean both metaphorically and literally, helping those in need.
- Zoroastrianism believes there is an afterlife. It is thought to be an interesting detail that this belief also existed in different religions that emerged later. Zoroastrianism states that in the life after death, what we do before death will be judged, that is, there will be a kind of interrogation. In other words, it is believed that there will be various tests where the soul reaches after death. According to Zoroastrians, it is stated that the only way to be completely purified from all evils in the world is ‘death’.
- As a form of worship that is very similar to the religion of Islam, there is a type of worship that Zoroastrians practice five times a day. Because morning worship is considered more special than others, the sound of a rooster is used to call people to prayer. At the same time, the rooster is therefore seen as sacred and special. Zoroastrians take the point called ‘qibla’ in Islam as ‘directing towards the sun’ in order to perform their worship. Worship or rituals can be practiced collectively or individually. When there is no sun, fire is considered sacred to them. For Zoroastrians, light represents truth. In other words, the existence of a naturally occurring light can be considered sufficient for the Zoroastrian faith to worship.
- According to Zoroastrianism, natural elements should be considered sacred. At the top of these is fire in terms of worship and sanctity. Therefore, they avoid polluting nature and the four elements. In connection with this, the reason why fire is kept separate from other elements is that it is believed that fire has a distinguishing feature between good and evil. One of the well-known mistakes is that people who belong to the Zoroastrian faith generally worship fire. Zoroastrians greatly exalt fire, but do not worship fire. There is a god for them.
- One of the rules that Zoroaster opposes and disapproves of, but is important to Zoroastrians, is animal sacrifice to prolong life. Before the religion of Zoroastrianism, according to beliefs in Iran, mass slaughtering of animals was to prolong the life of a person. In this case, Zarathustra thought that meat aid to people who could not get food would be a better choice than animal sacrifice and animal sacrifice. At the time, he tries to explain that the giving of such aids expresses a behavior in the way of ‘goodness’.
- The similarity of some elements in the Zoroastrian belief to the religions of Islam, Christianity and Judaism pushes many researchers to the question of whether Zoroaster was a prophet. Of course, there are different interpretations and different defenses for this situation…
How many people in the world and who believe in Zoroastrianism?
Zoroastrianism continued to be among the most powerful and known religions in the world for nearly 1000 years. This belief, which was the most popular of its time, is now known as the least adhered religion in the world. Today, there are only 30,000 Zoroastrians in Iran, the origin of the Zoroastrian faith. In other words, this belief, which was once shining and supported in Iran’s geography, does not seem to be very popular compared to Iran’s current population. After the conquest of Iran, many members of the Zoroastrian community continued to live in India. For this reason, the number of Zoroastrians in India is known to be higher than in Iran.