WATER SCARCITY 

The water scarcity which is a problem in almost every country is not unable to use. Millions of people all over the world don’t have access to water or the water is not available somewhere in the world. Water scarcity can occur due to two main reasons which are physical water scarcity and economic water scarcity. The inadequacy of natural water resources is referred to as physical water shortage. Economic water scarcity expressions poor water management. According to WWF, 1.1 billion people worldwide don’t reach to water for using or drinking. The main causes of water scarcity, which has a significant impact on all people lives, are overuse, climate change, and water pollutions.
  The first cause of water scarcity is climate change. Climate change which is one of the most important reasons causes a water shortage. It can be argued that one of the reasons for water scarcity is climate change which means changing patterns of weather and rainfall around the world. When there is a climate change, a decrease in the amount of rain becomes, and water shortage is experienced accordingly. According to WHO, more than half the world’s wetlands have disappeared, due to the fact that ecosystem is changed in a worse way.
  A consequence of water scarcity is water contamination. Water pollutions refer that due to its results like a disease, people can not use dirty water. WHO which means world health organization, expressions that each year, 3.575 million people die from water-related diseases. That means dirty water includes many bacteria which cause infection.

 The last cause is overuse. There are millions of people all over the world who use water unnecessarily. Lack of water is one of the effects of overuse. As a result, people suffer from water scarcity. Due to the fact that the plants cannot get enough water, lack of plants occurs. According to WWF, some 1.1 billion people worldwide lack access to water because of their overuse.
To sum up, poor water management which causes water scarcity should be tried to develop. Thus, water management is controlled by the government in order to be more effective. People who are the most important cause of this problem should be enlightened. Many researchers believed that when necessary preventions are taken, the problem of water shortage will come to an end.

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